The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an active, graceful,
well-balanced toy spaniel, very gay and free in action; fearless and
sporting in character, yet at the same time gentle and affectionate. It
is this typical gay temperament, combined with true elegance and royal
appearance which are of paramount importance in the breed. Natural
appearance with no trimming, sculpting or artificial alteration is
essential to breed type.
SIZE, PROPORTION, SUBSTANCE
Size - Height 12 to 13 inches at the withers; weight proportionate
to height, between 13 and 18 lbs. A small, well balanced dog within
these weights is desirable, but these are ideal heights and weights and
slight variations are permissible.
Proportion - The body approaches square ness, yet if measured from
point of shoulder to point of buttock, is slightly longer than the
height at the withers. The height from the withers to the elbow is
approximately equal to the height from the elbow to the ground.
Substance - Bone moderate in proportion to size. Weedy and coarse
specimens are to be equally penalized.
Proportionate to size of dog, appearing neither too large nor too
small for the body.
Expression - The sweet, gentle, melting expression is an important
Eyes - Large, round, but not prominent and set well apart; color a
warm, very dark brown; giving a lustrous, limpid look. Rims dark. There
should be cushioning under the eyes which contributes to the soft
expression. Faults - small, almond-shaped, prominent, or light eyes;
white surrounding ring.
Ears - Set high, but not close, on top of the head. Leather long
with plenty of feathering and wide enough so that when the dog is alert,
the ears fan slightly forward to frame the face.
Skull - Slightly rounded, but without dome or peak; it should
appear flat because of the high placement of the ears. Stop is moderate,
neither filled nor deep.
Muzzle - Full muzzle slightly tapered. Length from base of stop to
tip of nose about 1 1/2 inches. Face well filled below eyes. Any
tendency towards snippiness undesirable. Nose pigment uniformly black
without flesh marks and nostrils well developed. Lips well developed but
not pendulous giving a clean finish. Faults - Sharp or pointed muzzles.
Bite - A perfect, regular and complete scissors bite is preferred,
i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square
into the jaws. Faults - undershot bite, weak or crooked teeth, crooked
NECK, TOPLINE, BODY
Neck - Fairly long, without throatiness, well enough muscled to
form a slight arch at the crest. Set smoothly into nicely sloping
shoulders to give an elegant look.
Topline - Level both when moving and standing.
Body - Short-coupled with ribs well sprung but not barreled.
Chest moderately deep, extending to elbows allowing ample heart room.
Slightly less body at the flank than at the last rib, but with no
Tail - Well set on, carried happily but never much above the level
of the back, and in constant characteristic motion when the dog is in
action. Docking is optional. If docked, no more than one third to be
Shoulders well laid back. Forelegs straight and well under the dog
with elbows close to the sides. Pasterns strong and feet compact with
well-cushioned pads. Dewclaws may be removed.
The hindquarters construction should come down from a good broad
pelvis, moderately muscled; stifles well turned and hocks well let down.
The hind legs when viewed from the rear should parallel each other from
hock to heel. Faults - cow or sickle hocks.
Of moderate length, silky, free from curl. Slight wave
permissible. Feathering on ears, chest, legs and tail should be long,
and the feathering on the feet is a feature of the breed. No trimming of
the dog is permitted. Specimens where the coat has been altered by
trimming, clipping, or by artificial means shall be so severely
penalized as to be effectively eliminated from competition. Hair
growing between the pads on the underside of the feet may be trimmed.
Blenheim - Rich chestnut markings well broken up on a clear,
pearly white ground. The ears must be chestnut and the color evenly
spaced on the head and surrounding both eyes, with a white blaze between
the eyes and ears, in the center of which may be the lozenge or
"Blenheim spot". The lozenge is a unique and desirable, though not
essential, characteristic of the Blenheim.
Tricolor - Jet black markings well broken up on a clear, pearly
white ground. The ears must be black and the color evenly spaced on the
head and surrounding both eyes, with a white blaze between the eyes.
Rich tan markings over the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears and on underside
Ruby - Whole-colored rich red.
Black and Tan - Jet black with rich, bright tan markings over
eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest, legs and underside of tail.
Faults - Heavy ticking on Blenheims or Tricolors, white marks on
Rubies or Black and Tans.
Free moving and elegant in action, with good reach in front and
sound, driving rear action. When viewed from the side, the movement
exhibits a good length of stride, and viewed from front and rear it is
straight and true, resulting from straight-boned fronts and properly
made and muscled hindquarters.
Gay, friendly, non-aggressive with no tendency towards nervousness
or shyness. Bad temper, shyness and meanness are not to be tolerated
and are to be so severely penalized as to effectively remove the
specimen from competition.
Approved Date: January 10, 1995
Effective Date: April 30, 1995